Point to be Remembered

Chapter 1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Importance of Chemistry, Nature of Matter, Properties of Matter and their Measurement, Uncertainty in Measurement, Laws of Chemical Combinations, Dalton’s Atomic Theory, Atomic and Molecular Masses, Mole Concept and Molar Masses, Percentage Composition, Stoichiometry and Stoichiometric Calculations.

Chapter 2: Structure of Atom

Discovery of Sub-atomic Particles, Atomic Models, Developments Leading to the Bohr’s Model of Atom, Bohr’s Model for Hydrogen Atom, Towards Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom, Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom.

Chapter 3: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Why do we Need to Classify Elements?, Genesis of Periodic Classification, Modern Periodic Law and the Present Form of the Periodic Table, Nomenclature of Elements with Atomic Numbers > 100, Electronic Configurations of Elements and the Periodic Table, Electronic Configurations and Types of Elements: s-, p-, d-, f- Blocks, Periodic Trends in Properties of Elements.

Chapter 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular structure

Kössel-Lewis Approach to Chemical Bonding, Ionic or Electrovalent Bond, Bond Parameters, The Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory, Valence Bond Theory, Hybridisation, Molecular Orbital Theory, Bonding in Some Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules, Hydrogen Bonding.

Chapter 5: States of Matter

Intermolecular Forces, Thermal Energy, Intermolecular Forces vs Thermal Interactions, The Gaseous State, The Gas Laws, Ideal Gas Equation, Kinetic Energy and Molecular Speeds, Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases, Behaviour of Real Gases: Deviation from Ideal Gas Behaviour, Liquefaction of Gases, Liquid State.

Chapter 6: Thermodynamics

Thermodynamic Terms, Applications, Measurement of ∆U and ∆H: Calorimetry, Enthalpy Change, ∆rH of a Reaction – Reaction Enthalpy, Enthalpies for Different Types of Reactions, Spontaneity, Gibbs Energy Change and Equilibrium.

Chapter 7: Equilibrium

Equilibrium in Physical Processes, Equilibrium in Chemical Processes – Dynamic Equilibrium, Law of Chemical Equilibrium and Equilibrium Constant, Homogeneous Equilibria, Heterogeneous Equilibria, Applications of Equilibrium Constants, Relationship between Equilibrium Constant K, Reaction Quotient Q and Gibbs Energy, Factors Affecting Equilibria, Ionic Equilibrium in Solution, Acids, Bases and Salts, Ionization of Acids and Bases, Buffer Solutions, Solubility Equilibria of Sparingly Soluble Salts.

Chapter 8: Redox Reactions

Classical Idea of Redox Reactions-Oxidation and Reduction Reactions, Redox Reactions in Terms of Electron Transfer Reactions, Oxidation Number, Redox Reactions and Electrode Processes.

Chapter 9: Hydrogen

Position of Hydrogen in the Periodic Table, Dihydrogen, H2, Preparation of Dihydrogen, H2, Properties of Dihydrogen, Hydrides, Water, Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2), Heavy Water, D2O, Dihydrogen as a Fuel.

Chapter 10: s-Block Elements

Group 1 Elements: Alkali Metals, General Characteristics of the Compounds of the Alkali Metals, Anomalous Properties of Lithium, Some Important Compounds of Sodium, Biological Importance of Sodium and Potassium, Group 2 Elements : Alkaline Earth Metals, General Characteristics of Compounds of the Alkaline Earth Metals, Anomalous Behaviour of Beryllium, Some Important Compounds of Calcium, Biological Importance of Magnesium and Calcium.

Chapter 11: Some p -Block Elements

Group 13 Elements: The Boron Family, Important Trends and Anomalous Properties of Boron, Some Important Compounds of Boron, Uses of Boron and Aluminium and their Compounds, Group 14 Elements: The Carbon Family, Important Trends and Anomalous Behaviour of Carbon, Allotropes of Carbon, Some Important Compounds of Carbon and Silicon.

Chapter 12: Organic Chemistry – Basic Principles and Techniques 

General Introduction, Tetravalence of Carbon: Shapes of Organic Compounds, Structural Representations of Organic Compounds, Classification of Organic Compounds, Nomenclature of Organic Compounds, Isomerism, Fundamental Concepts in Organic Reaction Mechanism, Methods of Purification of Organic Compounds, Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds, Quantitative Analysis.

Chapter 13: Hydrocarbons

Classification, Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, Aromatic Hydrocarbon, Carcinogenicity and Toxicity.

Chapter 14: Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Pollution, Atmospheric Pollution, Water Pollution, Soil Pollution, Industrial Waste, Strategies to control Environmental Pollution, Green Chemistry.